Bursitis is a painful condition that affects the small, fluid-filled sacs - called bursae - that cushion the bones, tendons and muscles near your joints. Bursitis occurs when bursae become inflamed.
The most common locations for bursitis are in the shoulder, elbow and hip. But you can also have bursitis by your knee, heel and the base of your big toe. Bursitis often occurs near joints that perform frequent repetitive motion.
The most common causes of bursitis are repetitive motions or positions that put pressure on the bursae around a joint. Examples include:
- Throwing a baseball or lifting something over your head repeatedly
- Leaning on your elbows for long periods
- Extensive kneeling for tasks such as laying carpet or scrubbing floors
Other causes include injury or trauma to the affected area, inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout and infection.
Bursitis of the hip is the most common cause of hip pain. Trochanteric bursitis frequently causes tenderness of the outer hip. Ischial bursitis can cause dull pain in the upper buttock area.
Knee bursitis most commonly occurs over the kneecap or on the inner side of your knee below the joint. Knee bursitis causes pain and can limit your mobility.
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