Cervical discogenic pain refers to symptoms that result from the degeneration of one or more of the spinal discs in the cervical spine. In a healthy spine, these soft, spongy discs cushion the vertebrae and prevent the individual vertebrae from grinding together. However, over time, these discs also become prone to deterioration and can bulge or even rupture.
Spinal discs consist of a tough, fibrous outer layer surrounding a soft core made of water and protein. With age these discs cannot hold water as well, making it more difficult to maintain their shape and withstand the pressure being put on them by the surrounding vertebrae. This deterioration can cause the discs to bulge or protrude from their normal radius in the spinal column. It is also possible for a tear to develop in the outer layer, causing the inner fluid to be pushed out into the spine.
Discogenic pain occurs when any part of a spinal disc puts pressure on the spinal cord or an exiting nerve root. This pain and other symptoms can be debilitating, affecting the ability to work, enjoy family time or even perform tasks like grocery shopping or working in the yard.
Patients complain of localized neck pain, muscle weakness and fatigue, pain that radiates from the neck along a nerve, tingling or numbness in the extremities, neck stiffness, disruption of fine motor skills in the hands.
Photobiomodulation has becoming one of the best alternative of symptomatic treatment for this painful chronic condition.