Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a complex injury with a broad spectrum of symptoms and disabilities, usually the result from a violent blow or jolt to the head or body.
Traumatic brain injury can have wide-ranging physical and psychological effects. Some signs or symptoms may appear immediately after the traumatic event, while others may appear days or weeks later.
The signs and symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury may include:
- Loss of consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes
- No loss of consciousness, but a state of being dazed, confused or disoriented
- Nausea or vomiting
- Fatigue or drowsiness
- Problems with speech
- Difficulty sleeping
- Sleeping more than usual
- Dizziness or loss of balance
- Sensory problems, such as blurred vision, ringing in the ears, a bad taste in the mouth or changes in the ability to smell
- Sensitivity to light or sound
- Memory or concentration problems
- Mood changes or mood swings
- Feeling depressed or anxious
Moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries can include any of the signs and symptoms of mild injury, as well as these symptoms that may appear within the first hours to days after a head injury:
- Loss of consciousness from several minutes to hours
- Persistent headache or headache that worsens
- Repeated vomiting or nausea
- Convulsions or seizures
- Dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes
- Clear fluids draining from the nose or ears
- Inability to awaken from sleep
- Weakness or numbness in fingers and toes
- Loss of coordination
- Profound confusion
- Agitation, combativeness or other unusual behavior
- Slurred speech
- Coma and other disorders of consciousness
In most other aspects, a traumatic brain injury is very different. Since our brain defines who we are, the consequences of a brain injury can affect all aspects of our lives, including our personality. A brain injury is different from a broken limb or punctured lung. An injury in these areas limit the use of a specific part of the body, but the personality and mental abilities remain unchanged. Most often, these body structures heal and regain their previous function.
Brain injuries do not heal like other injuries. Recovery is a functional recovery, based on mechanisms that remain uncertain. No two brain injuries are alike and the consequence of two similar injuries may be very different. Symptoms may appear right away or may not be present for days or weeks after the injury. The trauma can result in long-lasting disability, even in people with mild TBI.
Long-term neurological and cognitive deficits are expected, including a variety of cognitive impairments, such as in learning, executive function including working memory and verbal fluency, reaction time, perceptual organization , attention, verbal and visual episodic memory, depression, anxiety, fatigue, sleep disorders, and attention deficit. Those symptoms are associated with loss of functionality, absence from work, and personal and social privations
Clinical studies in patients with TBI receiving photobiomodulation have shown improvement on cognition (including attentional process and episodic memory) and on mood swings, besides decreasing the inflammatory response, helping the neuroprotection after TBI.
Carmen Care Advanced Laser Therapy has created a comprehensive protocol for patients with TBI which includes Laser Energy Detoxification, Bella Shape and photobiomodulation.